Green Arrow is a character, published by DC Comics. Created by Mort
Weisinger and George Papp, he first appeared in More Fun Comics #73 in
1941. His secret identity is Oliver Queen, billionaire and former mayor
of Star City; he is best known to his associates as Ollie.
Dressed like Robin Hood, Green Arrow is an archer, who invents trick
arrows with various special functions, such as a glue arrow, a net
arrow, explosive arrow, time bomb arrow, grappling arrow, fire
extinguishing arrow, flash arrow, tear gas arrow, cryonic arrow, or a
Throughout his first twenty-five years, Green Arrow was not a
significant hero. In the late 1960s, however, writers chose to have him
lose his fortune, giving him the then-unique role of streetwise crusader
for the working class and the disadvantaged. In 1970, he was paired with
the more law-and-order-oriented hero Green Lantern in a groundbreaking,
socially conscious comic book series. Since then, he has been popular
among comic book fans and most writers have taken an urban, gritty
approach to the character.
Many alternative versions of Green Arrow have
appeared in DC Comics publications. The original version of the
character became established as the Earth-Two version of Green Arrow who
was a member of the Seven Soldiers of Victory and All-Star Squadron in
the 1940s, along with his sidekick Speedy. Aside from their origin,
which states the two were trained together on a mesa top, their history
nearly parallels the history of the Earth-One version, up until the
point when Green Arrow and Speedy, along with their teammates, were
thrown into various periods of time during a battle with the Nebula Man.
He was killed during the Crisis on Infinite Earths. A retcon was made,
in Crisis on Infinite Earths, that the Earth-Two Green Arrow had brown
hair, as opposed to Earth-One's Green Arrow being blond. Similarly, the
Earth-Two Speedy has blonde hair, as opposed to Earth-One's Speedy
having red. Also being proved to have better skill than Batman.
The character appears in Frank Miller's Batman: The Dark Knight Returns
and the sequel Batman: The Dark Knight Strikes Again. Despite missing an
arm (implied to be because of Superman), Oliver still proves to be an
effective archer (he grasps the nocks of his arrows in his teeth). The
Emerald Archer later acquires a cybernetic replacement for his lost arm
from Batman in the sequel and there was an action figure made with his
missing arm in the box. The death scene in Green Arrow #100–101 pays
tribute to Miller's story. Superman's only course of action to rescue
Green Arrow is by removing his arm, but Queen refuses to let him –
admitting later in Quiver that he refused due to both his own issues at
this point in his life and the more practical issue that he would be
useless as an archer with one arm – thus bringing about his apparent
death. In The Dark Knight Returns, Queen is portrayed as an anarchist,
while in The Dark Knight Strikes Again he is explicitly described as a
"billionaire turned Communist."
An older, balding Green Arrow would appear in Mark Waid and Alex Ross'
futuristic vision Kingdom Come, where Oliver has joined forces with
Batman to oppose Superman's army. He married his longtime love Dinah
Lance and they have a daughter, Olivia Queen.
Green Arrow appears in League of Justice, a The Lord of the
Rings–inspired fantasy where the character is renamed "Longbow
Greenarrow", a mysterious wizard resembling Gandalf; JLA: Age of Wonder
shows Green Arrow as a defender of the poor and an enemy of oppression.
In JLA: The Nail and its sequel, Oliver is a featured as a crippled
ex-hero, having lost an arm, an eye, and the use of his legs in a fight
with Amazo, the same battle resulting in the death of Katar Hol. Bitter
and furious, he is now wheelchair bound, and spreads fear on Perry
White's talk show about the
being aliens and claims that they are planning to conquer the world; his
former teammates speculate that this is his method of coping. In the
sequel, Oliver's brain is transplanted into Amazo's body – the Flash
having removed Amazo's computerized brain in an earlier fight –
restoring his sanity, allowing him to defeat the creature threatening
the universe at the cost of his own life, after mending fences with his
In Batman: Holy Terror, Oliver Queen is mentioned as having been
executed, found guilty of supporting underground Jewish "pornographers";
and he has a cameo as Bruce Wayne's society friend in Dean Motter's
Batman: Nine Lives. Green Arrow has also appeared in the Justice League
Unlimited spin-off comic book. Oliver Queen also appears in Mike
Mignola's Batman: The Doom That Came to Gotham, where he is portrayed as
a latter-day Templar equipped with magic arrows dipped in the blood of
Saint Sebastian. He is killed in issue #2 by Poison Ivy.
DC's weekly series 52 established a new 52-Earth Multiverse. On Earth-3,
an evil equivalent of Green Arrow is a member of the supervillain co-op
called the Crime Society of America. In Tangent Comics (Earth-9), Green
Arrow is a type of soda with the slogan: "Hits the Spot." On Earth-15,
Roy Harper has replaced Oliver as Green Arrow. The
Kingdom Come (Earth-22) and Dark Knight Returns (Earth-31) stories
and their variations of Oliver were later amalgamated into the 52-Earth
Multiverse. In the gender-reversed world of Earth-11, Oliver is now
Olivia Queen, and that world's version of the Black Canary closely
resembles him in appearance.
In the alternate timeline of the
Flashpoint event, Oliver Queen is the head of Green Arrow
Industries, a major military contracting company, and leads an
ex-military band of Green Arrows. Even though Oliver is an inventive
genius, he steals advanced gadgets from super-villains for military use.
In one day, Oliver discovers his Green Arrows were killed by a female
raider. Taking his weapons and gadgets to hunt down the woman in battle,
Oliver shockingly learns that the woman reveals to him that she is a
daughter of Vixen, Oliver's former lover, and the reason she attacked
him was because Green Arrow Industries built factories which
specializing in testing super-villain weapons in American towns that
inadvertently became targets for the super-villains looking to gain
their weapons back. Shocked by her revelation, Oliver had only been
stalling before his daughter is killed by his reserve teams he earlier
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